Rough Cullinan Diamond

Rough Cullinan Diamond

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A Brief History of Diamonds

Diamonds are the most beautiful, unique, and coveted jewels on Earth, but they’re also incredibly mysterious. The gems we see behind glass cases of jewelry stores and museums are often millions of years old and will outlast each and every awe-struck spectator enchanted by their radiance.

The diamond is often thought of as a proclamation of l o ve and commitment, used once (hopefully) to bookmark the end of one phase in a relationship and the beginning of a new, united, eternal one. When most people purchase a diamond, it’s an investment in their future, and the person they choose the spend that future with, but as someone who has spent their entire life surrounded by diamonds and working in the diamond business, what’s interesting to me is their significance over history and the journey they’ve taken as an indispensable part of our culture.

The Real Story Behind How the World's Largest Rough Diamond Was Cut for the Queen's Crown Jewels

The story behind the cutting of the world’s largest gem-quality rough diamond that helped create Queen Elizabeth’s Crown Jewels has been unearthed in rare documents.

The original 3,106-carat Cullinan Diamond, which is still the largest ever discovered, was cut in Amsterdam and created an astonishing nine principal stones.

The main one, Cullinan I, is still the largest polished white diamond in the world, weighing 530.20 carats and is positioned on top of the Sovereign’s Sceptre, while Cullinan II, which weighs 317.40 carats, is set at the front of the Imperial State Crown.

Now, the historic legal agreement that arranged for the cutting of the world’s largest diamond is being auctioned later this month. Bonhams is selling the original manuscript copy, dated January 29, 1908, of the 𠇊greement for the Inspection of the Cullinan Diamond” between the representatives of King Edward VII and London diamond brokers M.J Levy & Nephews.

Alongside the original documents is a paste replica of the Cullinan in its original rough crystal form and two replica sets of the nine principal diamonds cut from the uncut diamond. The lot is estimated to fetch between $2,500-$3,800 in the sale on April 30.

Emily Barber, Director of Jewelry at Bonhams UK, said, “We are delighted to bring to auction this remarkable lot that is steeped in history and that tells the story of the cutting of the legendary Cullinan Diamond.”

A Gift to King Edward VII

Who could care for the biggest diamond better than the royal family? So, when the Transvaal Colony government offered to buy a diamond as a gift for King Edward VII, Sir Thomas Cullinan immediately accepted the offer. He sold the diamond on 17 October 1907, for £150,000. If that doesn’t sound like a lot to you, let me explain that it’s equivalent to £15 million today.

King Edward VII got the Cullinan diamond as a gift for his 66 th birthday. He organized a big party, and members from all the European royal families came to see it. The diamond was much more than a simple birthday gift. It was a symbolic gesture of goodwill, after the Boer War and tensions between Britain and South Africa.

We believe that even the King couldn’t have remained indifferent after receiving a spectacular gift like that.

Ten Most Famous Diamonds in History

Diamonds have helped shape the history of the world and continue to do so. Beyond being jewelry pieces, many historical landmarks and events revolve around unforgettable diamonds and gemstones their brilliance and beauty transcending time and capturing the world’s imagination. Here is a list of ten of these well-known sparklers and what they became famous (or infamous) for:

The Cullinan

Considered the largest rough diamond of gem-quality ever to be found, The Cullinan was the source of 105 diamonds, including the famous Cullinan I and the Cullinan II. Discovered in the Premier Mine near Pretoria, South Africa in 1905, it weighed a whopping 3106.75 carats before the Asscher Brothers of Amsterdam began cutting it into its 105 parts.

The Great Star of Africa

The Cullinan Diamond’s most famous daughter is The Great Star of Africa, or The Cullinan I. It remains part of the British Crown Jewels as the topping piece for the Sceptre with the Cross, and is the second largest cut diamond in the world at 530.4 carats, surpassed only by the Golden Jubilee Diamond discovered in 1985.

The Hope Diamond

Aside from its undeniable beauty, the Hope Diamond boasts an unparalleled history. Most likely mined in India, a French gem merchant sold the rough stone to Louis XIV, who had it cut from its original 112 carats to 67.50 carats and named the Blue Diamond of the Crown of France. However, it was stolen during the French Revolution, and resurfaced with its current name 20 years later, conveniently after the statute of limitations for the theft expired. The stone has since changed hands (and carats) several times, traveling from the UK to the USA. Rumors of disaster for the owners of the Hope Diamond sprung up in the early 1900s. Though largely discounted and regarded as an attempt to increase the value of the stone by increasing its fame, the legend of a curse from the Hindu goddess Sita stuck. The ironically named Hope Diamond now resides at the Smithsonian Institute after its final private owner, Harry Winston, donated the stone in hopes that it would encourage the creation of a national gem collection in the United States.

Koh-i-Noor means “Mountain of Light” in Persian. Appropriately named, this brilliant diamond originates from India, dating back as far as the 13th century, if not before. It has a total weight of 105.6 carat. The stone passed through many hands of the ruling class of the Persian, Afghan, and Indian societies of the time, including Shah Jehan, the Mughal emperor famous for the construction of the Taj Mahal. After the death of its final Indian owner, Maharajah Ranjit Singh, the British Empire forced the surrender of the stone, and it was presented to Queen Victoria as she assumed the position of Empress of India. It was worn in coronation ceremonies by three more British queens after being cut to its current size and set in the crown of the female consort to the Monarch of the United Kingdom. Currently on display in the Tower of London, India recently initiated claims that Britain should return the diamond given the dubious nature of the transition of ownership. British authorities remain steadfastly opposed to giving the stone back to India.

Discovered in Golconda by an Indian slave in 1698, the rough form of the Regent weighed 410 carats. It was cut in England, and its perfection and brilliance gave it the reputation for being the most beautiful diamond in the world. It has since adorned the crowns of Kings Louis XV and XVI and Charles X, and also the hilt of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte’s sword. The Regent is now on display at the Louvre with the rest of the French Crown Jewels.

The Idol’s Eye

Another famous diamond found in India, it has a polished and cut size of 70.20 carats, roughly the same size as a small chicken egg. Various accounts of its early history exist, though most of them have proven to be fictitious. What is known is that the stone appeared at auction at Christie’s in London in 1865 and made its way into the hands of the Ottoman sultans. Eventually, famed jeweler Harry Winston obtained the stone and sold it to American socialite and gem collector May Bonfils Stanton. After her death, the stone entered the private market, and is currently owned by a private collector.

An exceptionally pure and clear bluish-green diamond, The Orloff of India is believed to be around 190 carats, but has never been weighed. It’s another gemstone with a rich, befuddling history behind its beauty. The Orloff was believed to have been set into a Hindu god statue as the eye before it was stolen by a Frenchman in the 1700s, sold to an English ship captain, traveled to Europe, and was eventually bought by Count Grigory Orlov and given to Catherine the Great of Russia in an attempt to win her affections. It is now on display at the Diamond Treasury in Moscow, set on the Imperial Sceptre commissioned specifically for the stone by Catherine and completed in 1784.

The Taylor-Burton

A young diamond, diamond miners in the Premier Mine in South Africa unearthed the 241 carat rough stone in 1966. After being cut by Harry Winston, the stone passed through a few owners before Cartier purchased the diamond, selling it shortly after to actor Richard Burton. he presented the stone, mounted in a Cartier diamond necklace and weighing in as a 69.42 carat pear shaped diamond, to his then-fiancee Elizabeth Taylor. The famous actress cherished it, but sold it after she divorced Burton and used the $5 million dollars to build a hospital in Botswana. The diamond is currently owned by Robert Mouawad.

Also on display at the Louvre, this shield-shaped, 55.23 carat pale yellow diamond once belonged to a French Ambassador to Turkey named Nicolas de Harlay, seigneur de Sancy, who loaned it to Henry III to set into a cap that hid his baldness. Seigneur de Sancy also loaned the diamond to Henry IV, and eventually sold it to James I of England. The Sancy eventually disappeared during the French Revolution. It resurfaced for short periods throughout history until being sold to the Louvre in 1978.

The Great Mogul

Many believe that the Great Mogul diamond was part of the Taj Mahal built for Shah Jehan, and that it had a rough weight of 793 carats. Like many large, old stones from India, it changed hands through conquest multiple times between 1650 and 1747. Though some contest its existence as mere fable, plenty of historians are willing to attest that the Orloff was in fact cut from The Great Mogul after a history of exchanging hands. More likely, it was stolen and cut into many smaller diamonds in order to disguise their origin.

In this article, we’ll look at some of the most famous diamonds worldwide. First though, let’s look at the reasons why these gemstones are so exorbitantly priced.

Why Are Diamonds Expensive?

Taking their name from the ancient Greek word adamas meaning indestructible, diamonds are known for their physical qualities. Ranked at 10 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness, diamonds are virtually impossible to break or scratch.

Surprisingly, diamonds themselves are not all that rare. In fact, they’re one of the most common precious stones found.

Nevertheless, only about 30% of mined diamonds are considered to be of gem-quality. Extracting diamonds is quite a complicated, labor intensive process. A rough diamond must be cut and polished before being brought to market.

Another reason for the high price of diamonds is market demand. The De Beers Corporation created advertising campaigns to convince men to spend 2 months salary on a diamond engagement ring. A Diamond is Forever became one of the most famous diamond quotes of all time.

The 4 Cs of diamond classification are Cs are diamond cut, color, clarity, and carat weight. The higher each of these, the more expensive the diamond will be.

19. Allnatt Diamond: $3.043 million

This 101.29 carat Fancy Vivid Yellow diamond is named after Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt. He was a British businessman and art collector.

It is thought that this unique diamond came from one of the De Beers Premier mine in South Africa. After buying the diamond in the 1950s, Major Allnatt commissioned Cartier to make a flower shaped setting for it.

Colored diamonds over 100 carats are very rare, and this is one of the largest yellow diamonds in the world. Sold by Christie’s Geneva at auction for $3,043,496 USD in May 1996, the cushion-cut gemstone originally weighed 102.07 carats and was graded Fancy Intense Yellow.

After the sale to the SIBA Corporation, the Allnatt Diamond was regraded as Fancy Vivid Yellow.

18. The Sancy Diamond: $6 million

This pale yellow 55.23 carats diamond was originally an even larger diamond called Balle de Flandres. Given as a dowry of Valentina Visconti, who married Louis I, Duke of Orleans, the gemstone has been owned by several royal figures.

King Manuel I of Portugal, Henry III of France, Henry IV, King James VI, Charles I and James II all owned this historical gemstone. Henry III was bald and hid this by wearing a hat adorned with The Sancy Diamond.

It takes its name from the Seigneur de Sancy, Nicolas de Harlay who was a French diplomat and jewelry collector.

William Waldorf Astor bought The Sancy in 1906 and the Astor family owned the diamond until 1978, when they sold it to The Louvre in Paris. The Sancy is displayed in the Apollo Gallery, together with the Regent Diamond.

Although The Sancy has never been valued, it is estimated to be worth at least $6 million.

17. Golden Jubilee Diamond: $12 million

At 545.67 carats and with a weight of 109.13 g, the Golden Jubilee Diamond is the largest cut and faceted diamond in the world. An unusual brown diamond, it has a golden hue.

Discovered in the Premier Mine in South Africa in 1985, it was originally nicknamed “Unknown Brown”. As there were cracks in the interior, De Beers hired famous diamond cutter Gabriel Tolkowsky to cut it.

They built a vibration underground chamber to work on the diamond. Two years later, the original 755.50 carats gem stone had been reduced to 545.57 carats.

This huge diamond was bought by a team led by Thai businessman Henry Ho. As a celebration of King Bhumibol’s 50th coronation anniversary, they presented the diamond to his daughter, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, to give to the King.

16. The Heart of Eternity: $16 million

The Heart of Eternity is a Fancy Vivid Blue diamond that measures 27.64 carats. Discovered in the Premier Mine in South Africa, the only significant source of blue diamonds worldwide, it has a distinctive heart shape.

Cut by the Steinmetz Group, the diamond was then sold to the De Beers Group. In November 2000, The Heart of Eternity was one of the intended targets of the Millennium Dome diamond heist in London, UK. However, the plot was foiled by the Metropolitan Police.

The present owner of this rare blue diamond is unknown. However, there’s a rumor that Floyd Mayweather bought the Heart of Eternity necklace for his ex-fiancé Shantel Jackson.

15. Archduke Joseph Diamond: $21.5 million

A colorless, elongated cushion-shaped diamond, the Archduke Joseph is one of the most expensive colorless diamonds to be sold at auction. Taking its name from Archduke Joseph August of Austria whose family owned it for a number of years, this impressive gemstone was then bought by Molina Fine Jewelers of Phoenix.

They had the diamond recut from its original 78.54 carats to 76.45 carats. Singer Celine Dion wore the diamond for a television special in 2002.

The Archduke Joseph Diamond was sold to an unknown bidder for $21.5 million in November 2012 by Christie’s in Geneva.

14. The Perfect Pink: $23.17 million

A rare pink diamond measuring 14.23 carats, The Perfect Pink was one of only 18 pink diamonds appearing at auction to weigh more than 10 carats. Among those 18 diamonds, this was the only one to be ranked a Fancy Intense Perfect Pink by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA).

The Perfect Pink Diamond sold for $23.17 million at Christie’s Hong Kong in 2010 to an unknown bidder. This was almost 30% higher than its upper estimate.

This diamond is mounted in 18k gold and rose gold, surrounded on either side by two clear diamonds.

13. Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond: $23.4 million

An internally flawless 31.06 carat deep blue diamond, the Wittelsbach was found in the Kollur Mine, India. In 1664, the Wittelsbach Diamond was given by Philip IV of Spain to his daughter, the Infanta Margarita Theresa, when she got engaged to Emperor Leopold I of Austria.

In 1722, the diamond passed to the Wittelsbach family, rulers of the House of Bavaria as part of a dowry. Bought by jeweler Laurence Graff in 2008 for £16.4 million, the Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond wasn’t always perfect.

Graff later admitted that three diamond cutters had removed flaws with the diamond. This stunning diamond sold for $23.4 million at Christie’s in 2010, however it is now estimated to be worth $80 million.

12. The Winston Blue Diamond: $23.8 million

This blue diamond was bought by Harry Winston Inc. at Christie’s Geneva Magnificent Jewels sale in May 2014 for $23.8 million. The 13.22 carat diamond was originally called The Blue but renamed by Nayla Hayek, the CEO of Harry Winston.

Certified by the Geological Institute of America as Fancy Vivid Blue with flawless clarity, The Winston Blue has a pear shape. It is flanked by two shield shape colorless diamonds.

11. The Orange Diamond: $35.5 million

One of the rarest types of gemstone, pure orange diamonds get their color from nitrogen elements. Named simply The Orange, this pear-shaped stone weighs 14.82 carats.

Rated the largest Fancy Vivid Orange diamond graded by the Gemological Institute of America at the time of the report, this exceptional stone sold for $35.5 million at Christie’s Geneva Magnificent Jewels Sale in 2013.

10. The Princie: $39.3 million

Discovered in the Golconda Mines in India more than 300 years ago, The Princie Diamond weighs 36.65 carats. Graded a Fancy Intense Pink, it takes on an orangey-red hue when exposed to ultraviolet light.

The diamond takes its name from Sayajirao Gaekwad, the son of Sita Devi, Maharanee of Baroda. In 2013, the gemstone was sold at Christie’s in New York to an anonymous phone bidder.

9. The Graff Pink Diamond: $46.2 million

A rare 24.78 carat Vivid Pink diamond, The Graff is named after Laurence Graff, who acquired it at the Sotheby’s Magnificent Jewels Sale in Geneva in 2010.

Graff had 25 small natural faults removed from the ring, and the carat size was reduced from 24.78 carats to 23.88 carats. This changed the color from intense to vivid and the stone’s clarity to internally flawless.

Previously owned by the American jeweler Harry Winston, this emerald cut diamond is mounted in a ring.

8. The Blue Moon of Josephine: $48.4 million

This flawless 12.03 carats blue diamond was found in January 2014 at the Cullinan mine in South Africa. It sold at a Sotheby’s auction in Geneva in November 2015 for $48.4 million.

The sale was the first time any diamond had sold for over $4 million per carat. Only four of the 400 blue diamonds graded by the GIA have been graded vivid blue.

The Blue Moon Diamond, as it was originally known, was renamed The Blue Moon of Josephine by the purchaser, Hong Kong businessman Joseph Lau Luen Hung. He named the diamond after his daughter Josephine.

7. The Oppenheimer Blue Diamond: $57.5 million

When this rare diamond was sold in May 2016, The Oppenheimer Blue set a new world record for the highest amount ever achieved by a jewel at auction. That record was broken by the Pink Star Diamond in April 2017.

This 14.62 carat vivid blue diamond was named after its previous owner, Sir Philip Oppenheimer. The racehorse owner was a British diamond dealer and collector.

The large rectangular shaped diamond has an emerald cut set in a platinum ring. On either side, there’s a colorless trapeze-shaped diamond.

6. The Regent Diamond: $61 million

If you visit The Louvre in Paris, look out for The Regent Diamond. A140.64-carat cushion-shaped gemstone, The Regent is internally flawless. According to rumor, the magnificent diamond was discovered in 1698 by a slave in the Kollur Mine in India.

He hid the diamond in bandages from a self-inflicted wound in his leg, but was killed by an English sea captain who sold the diamond to an Indian merchant. It was then sold to Thomas Pitt, the British governor of Madras and named the Pitt Diamond.

The French Regent, Philippe II Duke of Orleans bought the diamond in 1717. It adorned the crown of Louis XV during his coronation in 1722, and was later used to decorate a hat belonging to Marie Antoinette.

Now owned by the French state, The Regent Diamond has been on display in the Louvre museum since 1887. It is considered to be the most beautiful diamond in the world, and has a bluish fluoresence.

5. CTF Pink Star Diamond: $71.2 million

Discovered in 1999 in one of the De Beers South African diamond mines, the rough stone was bought by the Steinmetz Group. The 59.6 carats gemstone was then cut by 8 polishers over 20 months.

Previously known as the Steinmetz Pink, The Pink Star was renamed CTF Pink Star by Dr. Henry Cheng Kar-Shun, chairman of jeweler Chow Tai Fook, after his late father.

The naturally colored diamond is graded Fancy Vivid Pink and internally flawless.

4. De Beers Centenary Diamond: $100 millon

This huge 273.85 carat gemstone is the third largest diamond to have been found in the Premier Mine, South Africa. Only The Cullinan I and II diamonds are bigger.

Mined in 1988, The Centenary Diamond was originally 599 carats, before being cut to a heart shape in a vibration free chamber by Gabi Tolkowsky and his team. It is graded a D color, the highest quality for colorless diamonds.

Although the purchase price and diamond owner are unknown, this gemstone was insured by De Beers for over $100 million.

3. The Hope Diamond: $250 million

This expensive diamond has a rare blue color, due to traces of boron. Weighing 45.52 carats, the gemstone came from the Kollur Mine in India.

The date of the discovery is unknown, but ownership records go back over 400 years for this exceptional diamond. In 1949, the American gem dealer, Harry Winston bought The Hope Diamond and gave it to the National Museum of Natural History of the United States in 1958.

The diamond has been on display at the museum, a branch of The Smithsonian Institute since then. It is estimated to be worth between $200 – $350 million.

If The Hope Diamond looks familiar to you, that’s because the rare gemstone was the inspiration behind The Heart of the Ocean in the Titanic movie.

2. The Cullinan Diamond: over $400 million

The largest gem quality rough diamond ever discovered, The Cullinan Diamond is now actually a collection of 105 stones of different cuts. Originally weighing an astonishing 3,106.75 carats, the enormous diamond was found at the Premier No.2 mine in Cullinan, South Africa in 1905.

Named after the chairman of the mine, Thomas Cullinan, the rough diamond was cut into 9 major stones totalling 1,055.89 carats and 96 unpolished elements and minor gemstones.

The Cullinan I, also known as the Great Star of Africa, is the largest gem, at 530.4 carats. This is the biggest clear cut diamond in the world.

Owned by Queen Elizabeth II, the Cullinan I is mounted on the sovereign’s spectre, while the Cullinan II is part of the Imperial State Crown. You can see both in The Jewel House at the Tower of London.

If the rough Cullinan Diamond was discovered today, it would potentially be worth over $400 million. This priceless diamond has not been recently valued.

1. Mountain of Light Diamond (Koh-I-Noor): Priceless

Thought to be the most expensive diamond in the world, the Koh-I-Noor is also known as The Mountain of Light. Weighing 105.6 carats, this colorless gemstone is now part of the British Crown Jewels.

The central stone of the Queen Mother’s crown, the Koh-I-Noor diamond is viewed by millions of visitors to the Tower of London each year. The Kohinoor diamond is often said to be cursed, as many male owners lost their power or lives unexpectedly, and it has therefore only been worn by women since 1849.

Thought to have come from India, the gemstone was part of the Mughal Peacock Throne. It was later controversially transferred to Queen Victoria when the British annexed the Punjab. Prince Albert had the gem recut by Coster Diamonds as an oval brilliant.

Although the Koh-i-Noor diamond is considered to be priceless, the entire Crown Jewels themselves are estimated to be worth over $1 billion.

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Cutting the Cullinan Diamond, the Largest Rough Diamond Ever

One of the most famous diamonds in the world – and the largest ever mined – was discovered on January 6, 1905 by a mine superintendent by the name of Frederick Wells at a diamond mine in Gauteng, South Africa. Weighing in at 3,106 carats, the diamond was named the Cullinan, after the mine’s owner, Sir Thomas Cullinan. It was eventually presented to King Edward VII on November 9, 1907 for his 66th birthday.

When it came time for the Cullinan diamond to be cut, the stone was sent to Amsterdam-based, world-renowned diamonds cutters, I.J. Asscher and Company. Just four years prior, Abraham Asscher cut the then-largest diamond – the Excelsior, weighing 997 carats – into ten stones ranging in weight from 13 to 68 carats. It was determined that, because of the positioning of the diamond’s flaws, the Excelsior could not be cut into one large stone, but rather would be best suited as several stones which could be sold to collectors.

Joseph Asscher – Abraham’s brother – was given the honor of cutting the Cullinan an honor he did not take lightly. It is said that Joseph studied the stone for months to make sure he was aware of exactly where each inclusion was positioned before he attempted to cleave the diamond. It wasn’t until February of 1908, in front of an audience that had gathered in Amsterdam to watch the famed cutter work on the most talked-about diamond in the world, that Joseph Asscher took that first step in the cutting process, but not without a misstep.

It had been decided that Joseph Asscher would cleave the Cullinan into three parts due to the positioning of the inclusions within the enormous rough diamond. Nine large stones were to be cut from the one, but upon attempting the first strike, Joseph Asscher’s blade broke, leaving him to rethink the process for the time being.

King George V and Queen Mary, wearing the Cullinan Diamonds 1, 2 and 3 and the Kohinoor Diamond

After deciding that newer, stronger tools would be needed to take on the task of cutting the Cullinan, Joseph waited a month before going back to the cutting room to finish what he’d started. The results were nine major stones (the two main stones, Cullinan I and Cullinan II, were given back to King Edward VII and both are now part of the British Crown Jewels), 96 brilliants and 9.5 carats of unpolished pieces. Upon making the first cleave, however, where the Cullinan was separated into two pieces along an internal fracture, it is said that the adrenaline running through Joseph Asscher caused the cutter to momentarily faint before inspecting his work.

The stories of Abraham and Joseph Asscher cutting the Excelsior and Cullinan diamonds are just two of the many stories of larger diamonds being cut into smaller ones, but every one of them share the same process. The rough (or raw) diamond is first examined thoroughly and under magnification in order to determine the most logical way for it to be cut. To mistakenly cut a diamond in a place where an inclusion exists is to take an expensive risk that many cutters would refuse to gamble with, especially if they’re going to be the ones responsible for the financial fallout should the owner of the stone decide it’s not what they asked for. Other factors, however, are determined by the person who owns the stone at the time of cutting. Is the owner intending on keeping the diamond for themselves? If so, is it possible to cut the diamond into one large stone? Are they looking to sell the pieces off to buyers should it be decided that more than one polished diamond can be created from the one large piece of rough? This is a critical factor particularly when it comes to famous diamonds, because an owner can earn a pretty penny by auctioning off polished stones in the future. And, like with the Asscher brothers, cutters of large rough are often vetted and researched before it’s decided that they’re the right person for the job. The last thing the owner of the stone wants is someone inexperienced when it comes to millions of dollars in diamonds.

The nine stones cut from the Cullinan Diamond

While the Cullinan remains the largest diamond ever mined to this day, there are still very large diamonds being found everywhere from African countries to Canada. I’m sure one will come along some day that will surpass even our wildest expectations, and I can’t wait to see how that stone will be cut and who will be chosen to do it.

A heavily guarded steamboat

The average person would think that the transport of such a precious gemstone would require the highest level of security. This is exactly what was told to the public. During official talks about how the gemstone was to be transported, it was publicized that it would make its way to Britain on a steamboat heavily guarded by detectives and locked within the captain’s safe.

The story made its rounds around the local and regional newspapers and by the time the steamboat which supposedly contained the diamond was ready to leave everyone knew about the transport company's plan and the supposed location of the world’s largest diamond.

In reality, the steamboat was a decoy cleverly implemented within the transport plan by those responsible for the transfer of the gemstone. By telling the public that the diamond would be transported on the steamship it ensured that anyone who was thinking of stealing the jewel would target the boat rather than the actual method of transportation used.


John Lincoln. 2011 Stories from a Diamond Mine. [email protected]

Byron Phitides, Cullinan Tourism and History.

Jan Christian Smuts 1870 – 1950 A Chronology Published by the Friends of the General Smuts Foundation.

Dr Micki

Micki Pistorius is a South African psychologist, author and journalist. As a child, Micki’s natural curiosity was cultivated by both her parents and developed into an insatiable interest in history, art and literature. Her passion for history, archaeology and human. Read More

Cullinan Diamond Facts:

Throughout the years, rumors have spread about a second half of the Cullinan diamond, as certain signs point to the diamond being part of a larger crystal.

Legend has it that before Frederick Wells sold the diamond to Sir Thomas Cullinan, he broke off a piece which weighed 300-400g. If this were true, the Cullinan diamond would have weighed in about 1kg.

It is said that when the famous diamond-cutter, Asscher received the stone to cut it, he studied it for months.

In 1908, at his first attempt to cutting it, the blade broke but the diamond remained unbroken. After the second successful attempt, it is said that he fainted.

The Cullinan diamond is the largest uncut diamond ever discovered. However, when it comes to polished diamonds, the Great Star of Africa (530.4 carats) lost its title as the biggest polished diamond to the Golden Jubilee Diamond (545.67 carats) in 1985.

Watch the video: The BIGGEST DIAMONDS In The World (July 2022).


  1. Byram

    The competent point of view

  2. Majind

    I can not solve.

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