January 26, 2015 Day 7 of the Seventh Year - History

January 26, 2015 Day 7 of the Seventh Year - History

President Obama and Prime Minister Modi greet attendees prior to the CEO Forum Roundtable at the Taj Palace Hotel in New Delhi.

10:00AM THE PRESIDENT and FIRST LADY participate in the Republic of India Day Parade
Rajpath Saluting Base, New Delhi, India

3:00PM THE PRESIDENT meets with Congress Party Leaders
ITC Maurya Hotel, New Delhi, India

4:05PM THE PRESIDENT and FIRST LADY attend a reception with President Mukherjee
Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi, India

5:35PM THE PRESIDENT Prime and Minister Modi participate in a CEO roundtable
Taj Palace Hotel, New Delhi, India

6:40PM THE PRESIDENT and Prime Minister Modi deliver remarks at a U.S.-India business summit
Taj Palace Hotel, New Delhi, India

This Day in History – 26 January

People are trapped in history, and history is trapped in people, and hence, every day has been a significant one in the foibles of history. Now, let’s take a tour of “This Day in History – 26 January”.

Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Source – Times

Australia day is celebrated annually since 1788. On this day, the first fleet of British ships arrived at New South Wales and raised the flag of Great Britain.

1926 – The first television display by John Baird

John Logie Baird was a Scottish electrical engineer and inventor. He demonstrated the world’s first working television system.

Image Source – BBC

1950 – Republic Day of India

Image Source – India TV News

Since 1950, Republic Day of India is annually observed on 26 January to commemorate the adoption of the country’s Constitution. It declared India as a sovereign, secular and democratic nation. This day is a national holiday.

1958 – Ellen DeGeneres’ birthday

Ellen Lee DeGeneres, best known for her TV talk show, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, is an American comedian and television host.

Image Source – The New York Times

2020 – Kobe Byrant’s death anniversary

Image Source – Morrison Hotel Gallery

Kobe Bean Bryant was a highly successful American professional basketball player. He spent his entire career playing with the Los Angeles Lakers. Unfortunately, he was a victim of a fatal helicopter crash. He passed away along with everyone else on board, including his daughter.

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Featured Events

2020 Billie Eilish, 18, wins big at the Grammys as the death of Kobe Bryant and an internal scandal cast a cloud on the ceremony. More

2006 Garth Brooks' Double Live album, released in 1998, becomes the first live album certified Double Diamond by the RIAA for sales of over 20 million in America.

1992 Presidential candidate Bill Clinton appears on the news program 60 Minutes with his wife, Hillary, who in response to a discussion about her husband's infidelity, says, "I'm not sitting here – some little woman standing by my man like Tammy Wynette." More

1991 At the second Rock in Rio festival, Norwegian pop trio a-ha draw a crowd of 198,000, breaking the world record for paid attendance at a rock concert - and is snubbed by the press. More

1988 Andrew Lloyd Webber's blockbuster musical The Phantom of the Opera debuts on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre two years after a successful run on London's West End. More

1973 Elton John issues his sixth studio album, Don't Shoot Me, I'm Only The Piano Player, in America. It features two of his most popular songs: the '50s flashback "Crocodile Rock" (Elton's first #1 hit in America) and the Vietnam War-inspired "Daniel." More

1970 John Lennon writes and records "Instant Karma" all in one day, calling in Phil Spector to produce the song.

1968 At the University of Southampton, Pink Floyd play their first gig without founding member Syd Barrett, who never returns to the band. The 22-year-old Barrett is an early acid casualty, no longer able to contribute to the group.

1955 Eddie Van Halen is born in Amsterdam. His family eventually settles in Pasadena, California, where he forms Van Halen with his brother, Alex.

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Learn More

  • See the online exhibition The Portuguese in the United States, developed by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress.
  • Search on the term immigrants or lower east side in the collection The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898 to 1906 to see images of individuals who emigrated to the U.S. at the turn of the nineteenth century. See, for example, Emigrants Landing at Ellis Island or New York City “Ghetto” Fish Market, both from 1903.
  • See the Immigrant Arrivals: A Guide To Published Sources from the Library’s Local History and Genealogy Reading Room. The Reading Room’s homepage also includes a link to JewishGen®, Inc. External, an Internet source connecting researchers of Jewish genealogy.
  • See the online exhibition From Haven to Home: 350 Years of Jewish Life in America. For example, Haven contains images that reflect Sephardic life in colonial times. A timeline beginning in 1492 presents both a chronology and illustrations of world events, American, and American-Jewish events.
  • The Legislative Petitions Digital Collection External presents petitions submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802 from more than eighty counties and cities. The petitions, from Christian churches, concern such topics as the historic debate over the separation of church and state championed by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, and the rights of dissenters such as Quakers and Baptists.
  • The Yiddish theater developed as a uniquely American form in the Eastern European Jewish immigrant community in New York City during the early twentieth century. See Yiddish-Language Playscripts, a section of American Variety Stage: Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870-1920, for unpublished manuscripts like Moishe the Fiddler: a Beadle and Musician (Moyshe der fidler: a shames un a klezmer) or The Green Millionaire, a vehicle for Boris Thomashefsky, a driving force in Yiddish theater and director of the Anglo-Jewish theater unit of the Federal Theater. Also see the special presentation on Yiddish playscripts.
  • The online exhibition Religion and the Founding of the American Republic, demonstrates that many of the colonies were settled by men and women of deep religious convictions who had crossed the Atlantic Ocean to practice their faiths freely. Part Two of the section America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century contains information on the founding of the Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island. Between the 1820s and 1880s the Congregation Shearith Israel assumed trusteeship of the Touro Synagogue.
  • Search across the collections on the term Portuguese or Brazilian for an assortment of information ranging from gunboats to embroidery stitches, including a 1767 Portuguese dance manual, and a piece of 1876 sheet music entitled “Brazilian Danse.”
  • Also learn more about the holdings of The Hebraic Section of the Library of Congress.

Amid the false history over 26 January, it pays to consider what Australia was really built on

‘Scott Morrison’s not the first Australian prime minister to use denial and false history . when it comes to the violent colonial possession of this continent and its generational legacies of Indigenous trauma and inequality.’ Photograph: Mick Tsikas/AAP

‘Scott Morrison’s not the first Australian prime minister to use denial and false history . when it comes to the violent colonial possession of this continent and its generational legacies of Indigenous trauma and inequality.’ Photograph: Mick Tsikas/AAP

Last modified on Tue 26 Jan 2021 01.07 GMT

A s the Australian summer yawns into late January and the first hint of russet kisses the treetops, languor quickly gives way to pain and anger as that day comes around. You could set your calendar by that fusillade of incendiary, hurtful words that inevitably comes in defence of marking a national day on the date that ushered in Indigenous dispossession.

The trolls are always out and baiting Indigenous people and those who support their sentiments, well before 26 January. They are waiting for that they can be certain will arrive, hardily, perennially: conservative voices – more often politicians – promoting as a virtue the fact that Australia is the only former settler colony to tie its national day of self-adoration to the beginning of attempted Aboriginal annihilation.

This year the trolls got a bigger gift than they might have imagined. From atop the bridge under which they live came the prime minister, swatting away Cricket Australia’s refusal to name the big day in the promotional material for one of its events.

The PM seemed to have honed his lines. They smacked of the workshop – the political writers’ room. It’s worth repeating a little of what he said.

“When those 12 ships turned up in Sydney, all those years ago, it wasn’t a particularly flash day for the people on those vessels either. What that day, to this, demonstrates is how far we’ve come as a country and I think that’s why it’s important to mark it in that way.”

A couple of things. There were apparently only 11 ships. But let’s not split historical hairs. And his use of either. Critical word that, given its definitional implication of a comparable alternative – in this case, the plight of the custodians of the harbour into which the tall ships sailed. Scott Morrison seems to be a man who understands the power of words. Which makes an even greater self-mockery of his condescending (Trumpian) denial that he was in any way intentionally drawing equivalence between the first fleet convicts and the Indigenous people on shore.

He’s not the first Australian prime minister to use denial and false history – anti-history, really – when it comes to the violent colonial possession of this continent and its generational legacies of Indigenous trauma and inequality.

I’ll leave him to tell us just how flash things were not for the convicts who, it should be remembered, often found greater opportunity – and quickly – on this continent than on the Thames’ prison hulks or the streets of London, Belfast or Aberdeen. Such opportunity included, for many, grants of land stolen from Indigenous custodians. Many also arrived with an immunity to the smallpox that soon became a pandemic in the colony (Covid-19 is no precedent for Black Australia).

The Eora historian Keith Vincent-Smith refers me to midshipman Newton Fowell’s letter to his father on 31 July 1790. Fowell writes: “The Small Pox raged among them with great Fury and carried off Great Numbers of them [Aboriginal people]. Every boat that went down the Harbour found them laying Dead on the beaches and in Caverns of Rock forsaken by the rest as soon as the diseases is discovered on them.”

In Vincent-Smith’s Bennelong: The coming in of the Eora Sydney Cove 1788-1792, he recounts how Bennelong tried to convey to the first governor, Arthur Phillip, the pandemic’s gravity. Phillip wrote to London: “It must have been great and judging from the information of the native now living with us [Bennelong] … one half of those who inhabit this part of the country died.”

But the past is the past. They were early days. History is not a continuum. It doesn’t repeat. Or so some say.

Recently historian Chris Owen (to my mind the most incisive and courageous historian of the frontier violence that blights Western Australia and particularly the Kimberley) posted the Arsenic Telegram on his Facebook page, Darkest West Australia. Broome resident Chas Morgan sent it to Henry “Harry” Prinsep, the state’s then-Protector of Aborigines, on 20 July 1907.

“Send cask arsenic exterminate aborigines letter will follow,” it reads.

Eight words that speak a million about Australia’s foundations.

Ah, but things changed – got better, those who’d just carry on with the (Australian) flag waving and 26 January orgies of self-congratulation without looking to the past might well say. History is history. The past is the past. It doesn’t repeat.

A hundred and thirty years after smallpox killed up to 80% of the Indigenous people of the early colony (according to historian Grace Karskens in her book People of the River), the Spanish flu struck Australia. Indigenous people were disproportionately impacted, not least at Barrambah reserve in Queensland, where 90 of the 590 Aboriginal residents died.

The legacies of colonisation remain apparent in the appalling health and morbidity rates of Indigenous Australians, of course. Just as the continuum of colonial and early-federation patterns of extreme violence and oppression against Aboriginal people goes on and on. That includes poisoning, a practise that began in the colonies when settlers poisoned bread and alcohol and left it out for the bothersome locals.

Good News in History, January 26

Happy 60th Birthday to ‘The Great One’, hockey superstar Wayne Gretzky, who during his 20 seasons in the National Hockey League became the all-time leading scorer in NHL history.

The Canadian skater scored more assists than any other player, more total points, and he’s the only NHL player to tally over 200 points in a single season—a feat he accomplished four times. As of 2014, the left-handed center who played half his career for the Edmonton Oilers and famously disliked fighting on the ice, still held 60 NHL records. Despite his unimpressive stature, strength, and speed, “Gretzky’s intelligence and reading of the game were unrivaled. He could consistently anticipate where the puck was going to be and execute the right move at the right time.”

Wayne has been married to his wife Janet Jones for almost 33 years and this New Year’s Eve he scored an ace—his first hole-in-one on a golf course near his home in Los Angeles.

Gretzky’s jersey number (99) was retired league-wide, but you can still see his trademark 99 on several business ventures, including a winery and restaurants in Toronto and Edmonton. Gretzky has written an autobiography and, in 2016, the best-selling book 99: Stories of the Game. (1961)

–Top photo credits: (1997) by Håkan Dahlström and (2013) Mingle MediaTV –CC licenses

MORE Good News on this Date:

  • Australia Day is celebrated as a public holiday commemorating the First Fleet landing (1788)
  • US Congress established the Library of Congress (1802)
  • Famed actor, philanthropist, and husband of 50 years, Paul Newman was born in a suburb of Cleveland, Ohio (1925)
  • The Apollo Theater, renown for launching some of the biggest names in music, including Michael Jackson, James Brown, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Wonder and Ella Fitzgerald, opened its doors on 125th Street in Harlem—which are still open today (1934)
  • Israel and Egypt, led by US President Jimmy Carter, ended an ongoing state of war that dated back to 1948, restored full diplomatic relations and reopened embassies (1980)
  • Phantom of the Opera opened, to become the longest-run Broadway show (1988)
  • Václav Havel was elected President of the Czech Republic (1993)
  • President Hamid Karzai signed the new constitution of Afghanistan (2004)

And on this day in 1916, Olympic athlete and war hero Louis Zamperini was born. An unruly boy who was bullied for not speaking English, the Italian immigrants’ son found purpose in running track. After setting a world record in high school for running a mile in 4:21.2 minutes, he competed in the Berlin Olympics at age 19. As a bombardier in World War II, his plane crashed and he survived for 47 days in shark infested waters with little food or water in an inflatable life raft, only to be captured and severely tortured by the Japanese on the island where he finally landed.

He died at the age of 97, four years after the completion of a 2010 book about his life, Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption by Laura Hillenbrand. The book was made into a film, directed by Angelina Jolie. The remarkable “good news” for Zamperini arrived in his post-war life. He suffered from PTSD and constant nightmares until he became a devout Christian after hearing a young Billy Graham speak about the practice of forgiveness. He told everyone that the moment he forgave his captors, the daily nightmares ended and never returned. Watch a 2014 interview with Zamperini from CBS Sunday Morning…

71 years ago today, the Constitution of India came into effect to solidify a democratic government, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic. January 26th was chosen as Republic Day, to be honored annually because—also on this date in 1929—the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress. (1950)

Happy Birthday to comedian and television host Ellen DeGeneres who turns 62 today.

Photo by Disney / ABC Television Group, CC license

DeGeneres starred in the popular sitcom Ellen from 1994 to 1998 and has hosted her syndicated TV talk show, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, since 2003. Born in Louisiana and doing stand-up comedy in her early 20s, she went on to star in the popular sitcom Ellen from ’94–’98. Her Emmy Award-winning talk show, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, debuted in 2003. Everyone loved when she hosted the Oscars and ordered pizza for the crowd (the tip was phenomenal), and then they took the selfie that broke Twitter. Her kindness is, of course, legendary. Known for her generosity and charity work, particularly in animal rights, Ellen is also the author of several humor books and, most recently, she produced a coffee table book called Home, showcasing her interest in interior design. (1958)

WATCH a stand-up clip about elevators, pickles, and people who are late…

26 January – Australia Day & India Day

26th January is a day of celebrations for both Australia and India. Australia celebrate Australia Day and India celebrates Republic Day. However, the reasons these days are celebrated have a stark difference.

Australia Day, 26 January, is the anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 convict ships from Great Britain, and the raising of the Union Jack at Sydney Cove by its commander Captain Arthur Phillip, in 1788. This was the beginning of the British colonisation of Australia.

Republic Day in India represents the true spirit of independent India. On 26 January 1930, India's freedom fighters called for 'Poorna Swaraj' (complete independence from the British rule). India became independent on 15 August 1947 and The Indian Constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.

India Day - 26 January - Republic Day

Indians living in India and overseas, celebrate Republic Day of India on 26 th January every year to mark the day when the Constitution of India came into effect.

30th January 1956: India celebrating its republic day with a five mile long parade starting at the Great Place and ending at the Red Fort. (Source: Hulton Archive Keystone/Getty Images)

Why Republic Day is celebrated - The Constitution of India, which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 th November 1949, came into effect on 26 th January 1950. This completed India's transition towards becoming an independent republic with a democratic government system. This day chosen as in 26 th January 1929, Indian National Congress (INC) proclaimed the Declaration of Indian Independence. This was contrary to the 'dominion' status offered by the British.

Republic Day parade - The first Republic Day parade was held in 1950. It has been a yearly ritual since. The parade marches from the Rashtrapati Bhawan along the Rajpath in New Delhi. Several regiments of the army, navy, and air force, along with their bands, march to India Gate. The parade is presided over by the President of India, who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. As he unfurls the tricolour, the national anthem is played. The regiments of the Armed Forces then start their march past. Prestigious awards like Kirti Chakra, Ashok Chakra, Paramvir Chakra and Vir Chakra are given out by the President. Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army, in addition to the Navy and Air Force march toward India Gate along with their bands. Contingents of paramilitary forces and other civil forces also participate in the parade. Tableau from various states display their culture.

Australia Day – 26 January

Australia Day is the official national day of Australia. This day is a day to reflect, respect and celebrate the Australian spirit and the best of this country – our mateship, our sense of community and our resilience. We find optimism and hope as we look to the future.

Australia Day, 26 January, is the anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet convict ships from Great Britain, and the raising of the Union Jack by its commander Captain Arthur Phillip at Sydney Cove, in 1788 .

Photo of a painting depicting Capt. Arthur Phillip raising the British flag in Sydney Cove in 1788

Australia Day celebrations in a present-day Australia aim to reflect the diverse society and landscape of the nation. Australia Day is marked by community and family events, reflections on Australian history, official community awards and citizenship ceremonies welcoming new members of the Australian community.

The meaning and significance of Australia Day has evolved and been contested over time, and not all states have celebrated the same date as their date of historical significance. Unofficially this day has also been named as an Anniversary Day and Foundation Day. It is also known as Invasion Day and National Day of Mourning.

To conclude, we can say that i n India, Republic Day celebrates the decision to break away from the British Raaj whereas in Australia it celebrates the arrival of the First Fleet. Two very different relationships to Britain are embedded in the celebration of the day by the two nations.

Neera Sahni, Research Services Leader, Parramatta Heritage Centre, City of Parramatta, 2021

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2015 January 26
The Milky Way over the Seven Strong Men Rock Formations
Image Credit & Copyright: Sergei Makurin

Explanation: You may have heard of the Seven Sisters in the sky, but have you heard about the Seven Strong Men on the ground? Located just west of the Ural Mountains, the unusual Manpupuner rock formations are one of the Seven Wonders of Russia. How these ancient 40-meter high pillars formed is yet unknown. The persistent photographer of this featured image battled rough terrain and uncooperative weather to capture these rugged stone towers in winter at night, being finally successful in February of last year. Utilizing the camera's time delay feature, the photographer holds a flashlight in the foreground near one of the snow-covered pillars. High above, millions of stars shine down, while the band of our Milky Way Galaxy crosses diagonally down from the upper left.

The Global Expansion of Adventism

As the Seventh-day Adventist Church continued to spread across the United States, the early church leaders knew this Advent Message of the Three Angels should be shared around the world as well. They would not let themselves become complacent in their “comfort zones,” and they began serious talks about mission work.

James and Ellen White, along with Joseph Bates, an Adventist preacher, urged the development of a plan for missions that included a focus on medical work to help meet the needs of people around the world.

The first Adventist missionary was J.N. Andrews. He was selected to go to England and Switzerland in 1874 to assist Adventist church leaders there. He eventually established the Adventist printing press in Basel, Switzerland.

Ellen White also traveled to Switzerland, as well as South Africa, South America, the South Pacific, and Australia. The Advent Message spread rapidly as missionaries worked closely with publishing houses and gathered teams to canvas different areas and distribute literature. Several of these areas began writing to the General Conference to request more missionaries!

By the end of the 1870s, Adventist membership had tripled, passing 16,000 members. By 1901 there were 75,000 members worldwide, and the Church had also established two colleges, a medical school, 12 secondary schools, 27 hospitals and 13 publishing houses.

Eventually the Church also organized regional administrative offices, such as divisions, unions, and conferences, to more efficiently oversee various operations in education, publishing, health and mission work.

Today the Adventist Church continues to grow globally, maintaining its focus on health and wellness, community development and mission work, publishing, and education. The Church currently operates over 8,000 schools around the world, nearly 200 hospitals, and over 50 publishing houses.

With a rich history of dedicated Bible study and a focus on applying biblical principles to daily life, Adventists remain an active, diverse, dedicated group of people around the world who cling to Jesus as their only hope and eagerly await His Second Coming.

Watch the video: 100 Years of History in Ten Minutes (December 2021).